Orthodox Church of the Mother of God

Joy of all the Sorrowful - Mays Landing, NJ (f. 1966)

Outline of Messianic Prophecies

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Outline of Messianic Prophecies about the Messia

 

By content:

  • The prophets wrote that the Messiah would have two natures: a human (Gen. 3:15, Is. 7:14, Gen. 22:18, Ps. 41:7, Dan. 7:13)
  • and a Godly (Ps. 2; Ps., 45; Ps, 110; Is. 9:6; Jer. 23:5; Bar. 3:36-38; Mic. 5:2; Mal. 3:1),
  • that He would be the greatest prophet (Deut. 18:18); king (Gen. 49:10; 2 Samuel 7:13; 1 Chron. 17:12-13; Ps. 2, Ps. 132:11, Ez. 37:24; Dan. 7:13)
  • and High Priest (Ps. 110; Zach. 6:12),
  •  anointed by God (the Father) for these duties (Ps. 2, Ps. 45; Is. 42; Is. 61:1-4; Dan. 9:24-27),
  • and will be a kind Shepherd (Ez. 34:23-24, 37:24; Mic. 5:3).
  • The prophecies also witness that the main role of the Messiah will be to defeat the devil and his powers (Gen. 3:15; Num. 24:17),
  • redeem people from sin and to heal their physical and spiritual illnesses (Ps. 40; Is. 35:5-7, 42:1-12, 50:4 and the 53rd chapter and 61:1-3; Zach. 3:8-9)
  • and to reconcile them with God (Gen. 49:10; Jer. 23:5 and 31:34; Ez. 36:24-27; Dan. 9:24-27; Zach. 13:1);
  • that He will sanctify the faithful (Zach. 6:12),
  • will establish a New Covenant in place of the old (Is. 42:2, 55:3 and 59:20-21; Dan. 9:24-27),
  • and that this covenant will be for eternity (Jer. 31:31; Is. 55:3).
  • The prophets predicted the calling of the Gentiles to the Kingdom of the Messiah (Ps. 72:10; Is. 11:1-11, 43:16-28, 49:6 and 65:1-3),
  • the spreading of faith, beginning with Jerusalem (Is. 2:2),
  • that His spiritual blessings will extend to all humanity (Gen. 22:18, Ps. 132:11; Is. 11:1, 42:1-12 and 54:1-5; Ez. 34:23 and 37:24; Amos 9:11-12; Ag. 2:6-7; Zeph. 3:9, Zach. 9:9-11),
  • and the spiritual bliss of the faithful (Is. 12:3).
  • The prophets also revealed many particulars regarding the coming of the Messiah, specifically:
  •  that He will be descended from Abraham (Gen. 22:18),
  • from the tribe of Judah (Gen. 49:9),
  • from the line of king David (2 Samuel 7:13; 1 Chron. 17:12-13),
  • will be born of a Virgin (Is. 7:14)
  • in the city of Bethlehem (Mic. 5:2),
  • will spread spiritual light (Is. 9:1-2),
  • will heal the infirm (Is. 35:5-6),
  • will suffer, be pierced, die, be buried in a new grave, then will rise from the dead (Gen. 49:9-11; Ps. 41:7-10; Is. 50:5-7 and the 53rd chapter; Zach. 12:10; Ps. 16:9-11),
  • will lead souls from hell (Zach. 9:11);
  • they even predicted, that not everyone will recognize Him as the Messiah (Is. 6:9),
  • but that some would even feud with Him, though unsuccessfully (Num. 24:17; Deut. 18:18; Ps. 2; Ps. 95:6-8; Ps. 110:1-4; Is. 50:8-9 and 65:1-3).
  • Isaiah wrote about the meekness of the Messiah (42:1-12).
  • The fruits of His redemption will be spiritual renewal of the faithful and the outpouring of the grace of the Holy Spirit on them (Is. 44:3 and 59:20-21; Zach. 12:10; Joel 2:28; Eze. 36:25).
  • They also spoke of the necessity of faith (Is. 28:16; Hab. 3:11).
  • The prophets determined, that the time of His coming will coincide with the loss of the tribe of Judah’s political independence (Gen. 49:10),
  • that this will occur no later than 70weeks” (490 years) after the decree to restore the city of Jerusalem (Dan. 9:24-27)
  • and no later than the destruction of the second Temple in Jerusalem (Ag. 2:6, Mal. 3:1).
  • The prophets predicted that He will annihilate the antichrist (Is. 11:4),
  • will come again in glory (Mal. 3:1-2).
  • The end result of His activity will be the attainment of justice, peace and happiness (Is. 11:1-10; Jer. 23:5).
  • It is noteworthy to mention the multiple details which the prophets predicted about the life of the Messiah, for example:
  • the massacre of the infants around Bethlehem (Jer. 31:15);
    about the sermons of Christ in Galilee (Is. 9:1);
  • the entrance into Jerusalem on a female donkey (Zach. 9:9; Gen. 49:11);
  • about the betrayal of Judas (Ps. 41:10; Ps. 55:14);
  • about the 30 pieces of silver and the purchase of the potter’s land (Zach. 11:12); a
  • bout the degradation and spitting upon (Is. 50:4-11),
  • details of the crucifixion (22nd psalm);
  • about the numbering of the Messiah among the lawless and the burial in the tomb of the rich (Is. 53);
  • about the darkness during the crucifixion (Amos 8:9; Zach. 14:5-9);
  • about the repentance of the people (Zach. 12:10-13).
  • Also, those names which the prophets gave Him attest to the nature of the Messiah and the greatness of His deeds, by calling Him:
  • Lion,
  • David,
  • Angel of the Covenant,
  • Branch,
  • God the Mighty,
  • Emmanuel,
  • Counselor,
  • Leader of the world,
  • Everlasting Father,
  • Conciliator,
  • Star,
  • Seed of a Woman,
  • Prophet,
  • Son of God,
  • King,
  • Anointed One (Messiah),
  • Redeemer,
  • Deliverer,
  • God,
  • Lord,
  • Servant (of God),
  • Righteous,
  • Son of Man,
  • Holy of Holies.
  • Prophecies about the Messianic Kingdom are:
  • cleansing from sin (Is. 59:20-21, Jer. 31:31-34, Eze. 36:24-27, Dan. 9:24-27, Zach. 6:12, 13:1),
  • imparting to the people regarding virtue and purity of heart (Jer. 31:33, Eze. 36:27),
  • the conclusion of the New Testament (Is. 55:3, 59:20-21, Jer. 31:31, Eze. 9:24),
  • abundance of blessings (Is. 35:5, 44:3, 55:3, 59:20-21, Joel 2:28-32, Zach. 12:10-13),
  • the calling of the Gentiles (Ps. 22:28, 72:10-17, Is. 2:2, 11:1-10, 42:1-12, 43:16-28, 49:6, 54:12-14, 65:1-3, Dan. 7:13-14, Aggeus, 2:6-7),
  • the propagation of the Church throughout the world (Is. 42:1-12, 43:16-28, 54:12-14),
  • steadfast and unconquerable (Is. 2:2-3, Dan. 2:44, 7:13, Zach. 9:9-11),
  • the abolishment of evil, suffering (Num. 24:17, Is. 11:1-10),
  • the affirmation of joy (Is. 42:1-12, 54:12-14, 60:1-5,61:1-4),
  • resurrection of the flesh (Job 19:26),
  • the abolishment of death (Is. ch 26, 42:1-12, 61:1-4, Zech. 9:9-11, Osee 13:14),
  • knowledge of God (Is. 2:2-3, 11:1-10, Jer. 31:31-34),
  • triumph of truth and justice (Ps. 72:1-17, 110:1-4, Is. 9:6-7, 11:1-10, ch. 26, Jer. 23:5),
  • the glory of the Triumphant Church (Is. chs. 26-27),
  • comparison of the Messianic Kingdom to the mountain (Ps. 2, Is. 2:2-3, 11:1-10, ch. 26, Dan. 2:35).

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