In order to encapsulate the full meaning of the word psyche as understood by traditional Christianity, we will have to combine the meanings of five English words: soul, life, breath, psyche, and mind.
In the West, the soul has become a debased and ambiguous term; the psyche, its original biblical counterpart, has now constellated into two distinct conceptual fields. The words soul, life and breath form one field. The words psyche (as in modern psychology) and mind (as in the mind-body dichotomy) comprise the other field. As such, there is little or no connection between psychic health and the eternal animating principle known as soul. This dislocation is indicative of a deep spiritual malady in Western man.