- The Church
. According to the typological method, God’s promises to Abraham and his descendents were fulfilled through Christ and His Church. One Orthodox scholar has written: “In Christ, then, the covenant with Israel was fulfilled, transformed, and transcended. After the coming of the Messiah—the Incarnation of God the Son—only those who are ‘built into Christ’
are counted among the people of God. In Christ, the old Israel is superseded by the Christian Church
, the new Israel
, the body of Christ;
the old covenant is completed in the new covenant in and through Jesus Christ."