- The name of a Christological heresy
which originated in the Church in the 5th century out of an attempt to rationally explain and understand the incarnation of the divine Logos, the Second Person of the Holy Trinity as the man Jesus Christ. Nestorianism teaches that the human and divine essences of Christ are separate and that there are two persons, the man Jesus Christ and the divine Logos, which dwelt in the man. Thus, Nestorians reject such terminology as "God suffered"
or "God was crucified"
, because they believe that the man Jesus Christ suffered. Likewise, they reject the term Theotokos
(Giver of birth to God) for the Virgin Mary, using instead the term Christotokos
(giver of birth to Christ) or Anthropotokos
(giver of birth to a man).