KATHISMA

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KATHISMA - 1) A kathisma (pl. kathismas or kathismata; from Grk. kathemai, "sit") is a twentieth part of the Psalter, that is, a section conveniently readable in one sitting or session. Each of the twenty kathismas is subdivided into 3 sections called stases or antiphons. A kathisma is often followed by meditative expository hymns called sessional hymns (from Latin "sedere", "sit"; Grk. "kathismata", Slav."sedalny").

The divisions of the psalms into kathismata is as follows (using the Septuagint numbering):

Kathisma Stasis 1 Psalm numbers Stasis 2 Psalm numbers Stasis 3 Psalm numbers
1 1-3 4-6 7-8
2 9-10 11-13 14-16
3 17 18-20 21-23
4 24-26 27-29 30-31
5 32-33 34-35 36
6 37-39 40-42 43-45
7 46-48 49-50 51-54
8 55-57 58-60 61-63
9 64-66 67 68-69
10 70-71 72-73 74-76
11 77 78-80 81-84
12 85-87 88 89-90
13 91-93 94-96 97-100
14 101-102 103 104
15 105 106 107-108
16 109-111 112-114 115-117
17 118:1-72 118:73-131 118:132-176
18 119-123 124-128 129-133
19 134-136 137-139 140-142
20 143-144 145-147 148-150

(see chart of Daily Readings from the Orthodox Psalter)

2) Also, it is the second Kanon that is sung at Matins on certain holidays.

3) Also, KATHISMA (SEDALEN) – 'Sitting' A hymn sung (or said) following the Third Ode of a Canon and in many other places where sitting is permitted.

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