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BULGARIAN CHANT - One of the liturgical chants of the Russian Orthodox Church, which came into use in Muscovite Russia in the mid-17th c. Since Bulgarian chant does not have a direct connection with the chant used in the Bulgarian Church, its Bulgarian origin has not been definitely established; it is possible that the term "Bulgarian chant" was first introduced in western Ukrainian chant codices in an effort to give new melodies a mark of legitimacy and canonicity. The melodies of Bulgarian chant are characterized by symmetrical rhythms and phrase structure, a clear sense of tonality, and exact repetitions of melodic phrases.? Bulgarian chant does not contain melodies for all categories of liturgical hymns.

Orthodox Church of the Mother of God. Mays Landing, NJ 08330

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